When you say the age of someone or something, you can say subject + is + # years old: ▶️ I’m thirty years old. ▶️ That boy is fourteen years old. ▶️ These houses are 200 years old. When you want to say the age before the subject, then use #-year-old: ▶️ My twenty-year-old sister …

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Who is the SUBJECT. The subject performs the action: ▶️ Who ate the last piece of pizza? who = subject ate = verb ▶️ The students who failed the test will need extra help. the students / who = subject failed = verb Whom is the OBJECT. The object receives the action: ▶️ Bob gave …

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To understand when to use which and that, we first need to understand the idea of defining and non-defining relative clauses. Non-defining relative clauses add EXTRA information to the sentence. Defining relative clauses add ESSENTIAL information to the sentence. Here’s an example. Let’s imagine that it’s Friday, and I say: ▶️ The bananas that I …

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We usually prefer to use which when choosing between a limited number of options (like two or three, or options from inside a category) and what when there is no limit to the number of options: ▶️ Which do you like better – ketchup or mustard? (only two options) ▶️ Which philosophy books do you …

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These are two completely different words, but sometimes students confuse them because of their similar spelling and pronunciation. Wander is a physical activity. It means to move around (usually walking) without a specific destination or purpose: ▶️ On the first day of my trip, I spent a couple hours wandering around the city. ▶️ We …

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