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ردیفواژهمعنینقش گرامری
1hardship /ˈhɑrd.ʃɪp/سختی مشکلاسم
There was hardship, but scarcely any opposition.

The hardship of attendance at the county courts was to some extent obviated.

privation  deprivation  destitution  poverty  austerity
2gallant /gælənt/شجاع جوانمرد، زن‌دوستصفت
“That’s not fair!” my gallant bride-to-be offered.

The most famous episode of the town’s history is its gallant and successful defence in the war of 1870-1871.

brave  courageous  valiant  valorous  bold
3bachelor /ˈbæʧələr/مرد مجرداسم
Maybe I’ve been a bachelor too long.

The life of a bachelor has too many advantages.

4jealous /ˈdʒel.əs/حسودصفت
She doesn’t have any reason to be jealous of me.

But how could he be jealous, agree to send her away and make out with another woman?

envious  covetous  desirous

resentful  grudging  begrudging

jaundiced

5qualify /ˈkwɒl.ɪ.faɪ/واجد شرایط بودن صلاحیت داشتنفعل
He even had to qualify his statements as to their sincerity.

The wisdom was probably to qualify him as a ruler.

be eligible  meet the requirements

be entitled to  be allowed  be permitted

count  be counted

6unaccustomed /ˌʌnəˈkʌstəmd/عادت‌نکرده ناآشناصفت
He’s unaccustomed to having his authority challenged.

Gabriel squinted, unaccustomed to so much light after all his years in the underworld.

unused  not used  new  fresh  a stranger

unpractised in

7data /ˈdeɪt̬.ə/داده اطلاعاتاسم
You have some access to data bases that could be helpful.

The machine will figure this out as it collects more data and incorporates more variables, and then experiments on people to see which combinations of factors work the best.

facts  figures  statistics  details  particulars
8keen /kiːn/تیز قویصفت
He continued to take a keen interest in art and science.

He wasn’t too keen on the idea when she first told him about it.

eager  anxious  impatient  determined  desirous
9oath /oʊθ/قسم سوگنداسم
The oath I took to you and Jule I now take to her.

She’d sworn an oath to Darian, and the last thing she wanted was to return to the immortal world and wait for the Others to grab her.

vow  sworn statement  promise  pledge  avowal
10vacant /ˈveɪ.kənt/خالی (از سکنه)صفت
Ramballe refused food and resting his head on his elbow lay silent beside the campfire, looking at the Russian soldiers with red and vacant eyes.

The cottage was vacant and the windows boarded up for the winter.

empty  unoccupied  unfilled  free  available
11abandon /əˈbæn.dən/ترک کردن رها کردن، دست کشیدنفعل
She couldn’t abandon her babies to him, even if he was their father.

Arrived in the river Plate in 1527, rumours reached Cabot of mineral wealth and a rich and civilized empire in the far interior, and he resolved to abandon surveying for exploration.

renounce  relinquish  dispense with  forswear  disclaim
12tact /tækt/تدبیر ملاحظه، درایتاسم
This miracle was achieved by tact and management.

He had constant encounters with the mob, but his tact and courage never failed.

sensitivity  understanding  thoughtfulness  consideration  delicacy

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